Quotation marks are primarily used to indicate someone’s exact words.  Three of the most common uses of quotation marks:   Writers are often tempted to insert a comma wherever speakers pause when reading a sentence aloud. That is not reliable.                    88888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888     A language is spoken.  Historically, we see that people spoke to each other centuries before the invention of writing occurred.  Letters and symbols are simply instruments we use to record the spoken word.  A standard written language represents the rules a group of people has agreed upon to avoid misunderstandings.          [Imagine each player in a football game following his/her own rules!]         –Miss McCulla

What Are Quotation Marks?

  •  Use commas to separate complete sentences.  Then add any of these seven coordinating conjunctions:   and, but, for, or, nor, so, yet.

The game was over, but the crowd refused to leave.

The student explained her question, yet the instructor still didn’t seem to understand.

Yesterday was her brother’s birthday, so she took him out to dinner.

  •     With few exceptions, a comma should not separate a subject from its verb.

                                 My friend Maddie, is a wonderful singer. NO                     My friend Maddie is a wonderful singer. YES

            The things that cause me joy, may also cause me pain.  NO        The things that cause me joy may also cause me pain. YES

  •   Use commas after introductory a) clauses, b) phrases, or c) words that come before the main clause.

When I was your ageI never …        After the concert,  my group of friends …      Together with her pet catsEmma …

  •   Use a comma to separate the elements in a series (three or more things), including the last two.

My favorite colors are red, aquaand pink.  (2 commas)

I had to change the baby’s diaperfeed her, find her swimsuitand grab her flip-flops. (3 commas)

Our school lunch today is hot dogs and mustard. (no commas)

Miss McCulla is a retired English teacher of 32 years.  She has Mastery of the grammar and mechanics of English and has taught expository writing, fictional writing, and rhetorical skills to hundreds of students and aspiring writers throughout her career.  She has written/edited/self-published five books and currently writes for and edits a writing blog called The Underground Tutor where she gathers essays, articles, entries, papers, manuals, profiles, criticisms, and analyses of literature, just like those asked of students and writers in the university and publishing houses.

March 14, 2019   45   mary    Grammar Lessons Made Easy  
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